Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Thermos And Thermodynamics Physics - 971 Words

The Thermos and Thermodynamics Physics around Campus Phoebe Seaver Physics 102 Spring 2017 In the photo, we see two coffee cups, one that is in an insulated thermos with a lid, and one that is a regular mug open to the air, on a college student’s desk at home during their finals studying. It is well known that as coffee sits in any container, it cools down towards room temperature, making it less tasty to drink once it gets lukewarm or even room temperature. However, if it is too hot, it can burn the drinkers tongue and throat, which is incredibly painful, speaking from experience. The rate at which coffee cools may not seem like a science, but in fact, this plays into the laws of thermodynamics that are present in†¦show more content†¦Often, energy is lost to the surroundings, and not directly transferred from one object to the other. However, a perfect thermos would prevent any heat from leaking out or in. Energy in the form of heat can flow between materials inside the thermos to the extent that they have different temperatures; for example, between ice cubes and warm coffee. The transfer of energy continues until a common temperature is reached at thermal equilibrium (Cutnell 2014). Thermal equilibrium occurs when there is no heat flow between two materials, making them essentially the same temperature. This is why the coffee continues to cool down the longer it is exposed to the air, because heat exchange is occurring, and the liquid is cooling down from its original warmth to be more like the room that is it in, as the room has less heat. This is why a thermos causes the coffee to cool down slower, because the thermos provides insulation against the exchange of heat from the outside. The extra insulating layer is actually a vacuum, or absence of air, formed during the construction of the thermos. The best insulator possible is a vacuum, because there s no air. If there s no air to transfer heat, then the heat is retained where it is ( The equation for Specific Heat: . In order to cool down a stand ard 8oz cup of coffee to roomShow MoreRelatedFinding use in â€Å"spacecrafts, pacemakers, underwater systems, electric automobiles, and remote1200 Words   |  5 Pagescaptures these electrons for use to power the device connected to the battery. Now we will discuss a brief history of early atomic battery development. Henry G. J. Moseley, known for developing the Atomic Number and numerous other contributions to physics and chemistry, created the first known atomic battery in 1913 with his demonstration of the beta cell. 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Some terms involved with these particular concepts include: closed system, empirical law, free energy, joule’s law, specific, temperature, and thermodynamics. The general defined term of convection is â€Å"the heat transfer by mass motion of a fluid such as air or water when the heated fluid is caused to move away from the source of heat, carrying energy with it† (Georgia State University). â€Å"In the world of physics, theRead MoreTaking a Look at Heat Transplantation1530 Words   |  6 Pagesto learn the real meanings of those terms and how the heat is transferred from a place to place, and understand the real context of those terms in everyday life. Everyone has felt heat, but what is it? The simple answer is that heat is energy. In physics heat is identified as a source of energy and can be observed only when it is transferring from a one place to another. All matter in the universe, is made up of molecules and atoms. These atoms are always in different types of motion and this motionRead MoreEssay on Tom Stoppards Arcadia2125 Words   |  9 Pages Tom Stoppard parallels the Second Law of Thermodynamics with the human experience in his play Arcadia. The parallelism suggests truths about the evolution of science and human society, love and sexual relationships, and the physical world. The Second Law drives the formation of more complex molecular structures in our universe, the diffusion of energy, such as heat, and is inhibited by the initial energy required to unlock potential energies of compounds. Stoppard takes these concepts and exploresRead MoreThe Effect Of Temperature On Human Body2068 Words   |  9 PagesThermodynamics as a field has many applications- everything from calculating the efficiency of an engine, determining the partial pressures of gas in a reaction to calculating the amount of energy required for a reaction to occur. These fore mentioned calculations can be used to do the same for the human body. The natural processes of the human body revolve around energy. Each system within the body contributes to the energetics of the human body; the digestive system converts food to energy thatRead MoreMotivation Letter And Research Objectives Essay1506 Words   |  7 Pagesstrategies adopted earlier in life helped me succeed not only to prepare myself for the exam, but also provided an opportunity to start teaching English language, mathematics and physics in a private educational institute. I was first introduced to Renewable Energy in Engineering faculty of Kabul University (EFKU). I took Thermodynamics, Electrical Circuits and Machines, Engineering Management and Project Management classes, in these classes I got the highest score among the classmates and it was becauseRead MoreBig Bang Theory vs. Creationism1760 Words   |  8 Pagesstates the universe was created out of nothing since nothing existed before the singularity. This idea, however, violates the First Law of Thermodynamics, which states that matter cannot be created nor destroyed (Strickland, 2008). The continuing formation of stars and galaxies also goes against scientific thinking that can be found in the Second Law of Thermodynamics. This law of entropy suggests that systems of change become less organized over time, which is not the theory presented by scientists concerningRead MoreDesign Of An Integrated Circuit9821 Words   |  40 Pagesactive, were placed over a piece of semi-conductive material ( Germanium piece) that was half the size of a paper clip. The success of this element (called chip due to its small size) containing a few transistors, resistors, and capacitors, led to the Physics Nobel Prize for its inventor in 2000. The design of an integrated circuit involves a development plan, where its functional characteristics and performance will define the elaboration of the logic circuit diagram. Once the diagram is finished, a seriesRead MoreKkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk6406 Words   |  26 Pagesselection, packaging, and manufacturing constraints. AUTO 533. Advanced Energy Solutions* (cross-listed with MECHENG 433) Prerequisite: MECHENG 235. I (3 credits) Introduction to the challenges of power generation for a global society using the thermodynamics to understand basic principles and technology limitations. Covers current and future demands for energy; methods of power generation including fossil fuel, solar, wind and nuclear; associated detrimental by-products; and advanced strategies to

Monday, May 11, 2020

Political Conservatism and the Role of Religion

Quite often, those on the left of the political spectrum dismiss political conservative ideology as the product of religious fervor. At first blush, this makes sense. After all, the conservative movement is populated by people of faith. Christians, Evangelicals, and Catholics tend to embrace the key aspects of conservatism, which include limited government, fiscal discipline, free enterprise, a strong national defense, and traditional family values. This is why many conservative Christians side with Republicanism politically. The Republican Party is most associated with championing these conservative values. Members of the Jewish faith, on the other hand, tend to drift toward the Democratic party because history supports it, not because of a particular ideology. According to author and essayist Edward S. Shapiro in American Conservatism: An Encyclopedia, most Jews are descendants of central and Eastern Europe, whose liberal parties -- in contrast to right-wing opponents -- favored Jewish emancipation and the lifting of economic and social restrictions on Jews. As a result, Jews looked to the Left for protection. Along with the rest of their traditions, Jews inherited a left-wing bias after emigrating to the United States, Shapiro says. Russell Kirk, in his book, The Conservative Mind, writes that, with the exception of antisemitism, The traditions of race and religion, the Jewish devotion to family, old usage, and spiritual continuity all incline the Jew toward conservatism. Shapiro says Jewish affinity for the left was cemented in the 1930s when Jews enthusiastically supported Franklin D. Roosevelts New Deal. They believed that the New Deal had succeeded in alleviating the social and economic conditions in which antisemitism flourished and, in the election of 1936, Jews supported Roosevelt by a ratio of nearly 9 to 1. While its fair to say that most conservatives use faith as a guiding principle, most try to keep it out of political discourse, recognizing it as something intensely personal. Conservatives often will say that the Constitution guarantees its citizens freedom of religion, not freedom from religion. In fact, there is plenty of historical evidence that proves, despite Thomas Jeffersons famous quote about a wall of separation between church and state, the Founding Fathers expected religion and religious groups to play an important role in the development of the nation. The religion clauses of the First Amendment guarantee the free exercise of religion, while at the same time protecting the nations citizens from religious oppression. The religion clauses also ensure that the federal government cannot be overtaken by one particular religious group because Congress cannot legislate one way or another on an establishment of religion. This precludes a national religion but also prevents the government from interfering with religions of any kind. For contemporary conservatives, the rule of thumb is that practicing faith publicly is reasonable, but proselytizing in public is not.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

John Marshall Free Essays

John Marshall, whose most notable political role of Chief Justice of the United States, played a major role in defining the American legal system, he was also known as one of the best Chief Justices that ever lived. For 34 years as Chief Justice, Marshall made significant contributions to the development of the U. S. We will write a custom essay sample on John Marshall or any similar topic only for you Order Now Constitution through his high profile Supreme Court cases, such as Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, Cohen’s v. Virginia, and Gibbons v. Ogden. These Supreme Court cases and others were approaches to help bring more federal structure to the U. S. Constitution. Marshall’s thirst for political knowledge at an early age, his contribution the judicial system, and dedication to political reform make him one of the most influential figures in American history. Early Life John Marshall, one of fifteen children, was born on September 24, 1755 in a log cabin in rural Germantown, Virgina. His parents were Thomas and Mary Marshall, who had significant status among the citizens of Germantown. Although Marshall’s parents were not formally educated, they ensured their children had a good, quality education. Marshall was homeschooled and often supplemented his reading from books in George Washington’s library. Marshall’s father and George Washington worked together as surveyors and became close friends. Washington would later become one of Marshall’s greatest heroes. Desiring their son to become a lawyer, Thomas and Mary sent Marshall to William and Mary College where he spent several weeks listening to George Wythe’s lectures on law, which was Marshall’s only means of formal education. At the age of 25, Marshall left William and Mary College and pursued a lawyer’s position in Germantown, where he later met and married his wife of 49 years, Mary Willis Ambler. Together, they had ten children, with only six living to see adulthood (McGill, 2005). Chief Justice Chief Justice John Marshall served in the Supreme Court from 1801-1835. He was the fourth Chief Justice appointed by President John Adams (Smith, 1996). Marshall was known as one of the greatest chief justices in judicial history. While head of court, Marshall helped establish foundations for the Supreme Court and the constitutional supremacy. Alexander M. Bickel, a sophisticated, constitutional scholar stated that John Marshall was one of the greatest justices due to his decision in the Marbury v. Madison case. Although Marshall is known for many other cases throughout judicial history, including McCulloch v. Maryland, Cohen’s v. Virginia, and Gibbons v. Ogde, the high profile case, Marbury v. Madison, became one of Marshall’s most significant cases and one that established him as one of the greatest supreme court justices who ever lived (Wood, 1997). Marbury V. Madison In Marbury V. Madison, Marshall worked the Judiciary’s claim to apply the law of the constitution exactly the way that courts interpret common law and statues in their role of legal disputes. Marshall was instrumental in laying down the foundation for the rise of the Judiciary. Their goal was to make the Judiciary as one of the top three capital powers of the government. Marshall stated that the constitution was â€Å"a rule for the government of courts, as well as of his legislature†. As he made the issue known, judges could not ignore it. They were duty bound to enforce it by disallowing laws offensive to the constitution. At the time, many Americans had no trouble thinking of constitutions as law but not the kind of law that would be operated in the court system, but John Marshall stated towards the court system, by applying his methods of statutory interpretation to the constitution, he legalized it. He made it amenable to routine exposition and makes it happen. Marshall knew the Judiciary system would always be one of the weakest branches; its effectiveness depended on gaining the agreements of the legislative, executive branches, and of the people. The power that the Supreme Court would enjoy is the ability to persuade the people. Marshall was perfect for the job, and he greatly enhanced that power by his ability of persuasions. The American’s didn’t know anything about the constitution, but Marshall enhanced the knowledge pertaining to the constitution (Hobson, 2002). It is no doubt that John Marshall has made tremendous contributions to the judicial system. His thirst for knowledge at a young age and his political leadership has provided significant contributions to political society. It has been over two-hundred years since Marshall’s appointment; however, the Supreme Court still continues to honor him and his works. Marshall left a legacy that will be admired and written about by political generations to come. Through his works, Marshall helped define our country to what it is today as supported by political author, Jean Edward Smith who stated, â€Å"if George Washington found the country, John Marshall defined it† (Smith, 1996). How to cite John Marshall, Papers

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Reputation in the Crucible free essay sample

Reputation is the estimation or name of being, having, having done, something specified by the general opinion of either a private or public group of people. In Arthur Miller’s screenplay, The Crucible, Miller presents his opinions on the factual truth of the Salem Witch Trials. Various events in Arthur Miller’s screenplay reveal the theme of reputation as being a leading force in the developing plotlines of the story. By doing this, he brings a whole new point of view to the readers of his screenplay. Reputation was extremely important at the time, as in a town like Salem where social standing was tied to one’s ability to follow religious rules. If you had a good reputation, you were more likely to be an upright member of the church and a good Christian. In Puritan times being religious and following the rules of God meant everything. The reputations of many characters in the crucible including Abigail, John Proctor and Reverend Parris were defined by the many actions and dialogues throughout the play, the Crucible. We will write a custom essay sample on Reputation in the Crucible or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page A dialogue from Abigail reveals Arthur Millers’ insights on the role of reputation in the society of Salem. Abigail states, I want to open myself! I want the light of God; I want the sweet love of Jesus! I danced for the Devil; I saw him, I wrote in his book; I go back to Jesus; I kiss His hand. I saw Sarah Good with the Devil! I saw Goody Osburn with the Devil! I saw Bridget Bishop with the Devil! (Miller Act I) This quote from Abigail raises her position in society. By Abigail, doing this, the other girls follow; believing this will raise them also in the social ranking of their society. After hearing Tituba confess to witchcraft, Abigail sees this as an opportunity to get herself out of the spotlight, even though she was with the other girls in the forest. After clearing her name, she wanted to move the blame on, she starts accusing falsely the other people of being witches. When this was done, the other girls followed because of the success she had. These girls all cared about their reputation. With their reputation, they believe it is a way out from being trailed as a witch, as everyone else in Salem wishes to do. Abigail caused enough trouble in the court room ruining others reputations in order to save her own, but at the same time risks her own reputation. John Proctor, a farmer who lives outside the town had an affair with Abigail who is just a teenager early on in the screenplay, and is frightened to expose such a thing; he is afraid his name will be ruined. Earlier on in the play, Proctor has a chance to put a stop to the girls being accused of witchcraft; instead he sought to preserve his reputation from testifying against Abigail and revealing his scandalous affair. Towards the end of the play The Crucible, Proctors desire to keep and maintain his good name; leads him to make a courageous choice, by not giving into a faulty confession which leads to his death. Proctor says to Danforth, â€Å"I have given you my soul; leave me my name! † (Miller Act IV) This quote shows that by Proctor refusing to give up or surrender his name and reputation, he redeems himself for his earlier failure and dies with integrity. John Proctor confirms his decision saying to himself in Act IV that he has given his soul and wants to at least keep his name. Proctor gives his last orders as to not destroy his name, because his name means so much to him. He would rather die than live with the rest of the town knowing that he was convicted of seeing the devil and being a witch. In Act II, Proctor says to Putnam, â€Å"You cannot command Mr. Parris. We vote by name in this society, not by acreage. † This quote demonstrates what a big role a person’s name in the society brings to the rest of the town of Salem. Acreage, money or land is usually a way to critique a person, but in Salem, someone’s name or part in society is what they are held as in the eyes of the people. If you have a good reputation then you stand high in the town, but if your reputation is bad and you are convicted of being a witch, that could damage your reputation and status severely. In Act II, Parris says, â€Å"Abigail, I have fought here three long years to bend these stiff-necked people to me, and now, just now when some good respect is rising for me in the parish, you compromise my very character. I have given you a home, child, I have put clothes upon your back- now give me upright answer. Your name in the town- it is entirely white, is it not? This quote proves that once Parris’s authority started to increase, Abigail, his niece had to start trouble, causing many people to look at Parris differently and, causing his power in the society to decrease. Reputation led the Crucible’s many characters to resort to various actions and lies to retain their own character. The pressure of society put forth on the characters, caused a chain reaction of lie and deceit that caused the death of many people. The screenplay the Crucible, was therefore wrought with the theme of reputation as a leading factor in the development of the plotline and story.

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness Essay Essays

Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness Essay Essays Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness Essay Paper Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness Essay Paper Traveling through the Wisdom Books of the Old Testament. diligence and indolence are a common subject. It is shown many different ways which is viewed more positively and which is looked down upon. Diligence and indolence may be somewhat intertwined. but they are besides wholly separate thoughts. The books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes provide much of the apprehension to be gained from the Bible on all four of these thoughts. doing them two of the most of import Old Testament books in respects to learning. The books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes give a overplus of information on Hebrew thoughts sing diligence and indolence. But the first thing that needs to be done is to specify what diligence and indolence are. Proverbs uses sluggard to specify person who is lazy. It is noted that â€Å"A persevering individual. like the emmet. does non necessitate a taskmaster to happen motivation†1. This is contrasted with the sluggard by Proverbs 6:6 ( KJV ) . which states â€Å"Go to the emmet. thou sluggard ; see her ways. and be wise. † This shows the contrast between the sluggard. or lazy individual. and the persevering individual. represented by the emmet. A lazy individual. or sluggard. can besides be described as person who â€Å" can non happen adequate motive to lift out of bed†2. This point is shown in Proverbs 26:14 ( KJV ) . saying â€Å"As the door turneth upon his flexible joints. so doth the faineant upon his bed. † All of this illustrates that Hebrew Wisdo m has a much higher position of diligence over indolence. Wisdom and folly are really far apart in definition. Wisdom can be defined as doing good determinations with the information that you have. Folly. on the other manus. can be defined as doing a foolish determination even cognizing the wise determination would hold a better consequence. Proverbs 5:23b ( KJV ) shows what happens when we use folly. saying â€Å"in the illustriousness of his foolishness he shall travel astray. † This is in contrast to Proverbs 3:13-14 ( KJV ) . which states â€Å"Happy is the adult male that findeth wisdom. and the adult male that getteth understanding. / For the ware of it is better than the ware of Ag. and the addition thereof than all right gold. † This shows that if wisdom is used and gained. so the wagess for wisdom are great. Using hapless judgement. even cognizing that there is a better determination to be made. will do a individual to non follow the righteous way and lead people off from God. whereas utilizing wisdom and doing the pr oper pick will assist people to remain on the way God has chosen for them and take them to great wagess. Ecclesiastes 7:5 ( KJV ) shows us how much the individual who uses wisdom is valued. saying â€Å"It is better to hear the reproof of the wise. than for a adult male to hear the vocal of saps. † This shows it is more of import to listen to a wise individual giving advice than it is to listen to an unwise individual who thinks our foolish determinations are to be celebrated. Geting advice to rectify errors should ever be preferred over being told to do the same foolish determination once more. This point is emphasized in Ecclesiastes 10:12-13 ( KJV ) . saying â€Å"The words of a wise man’s oral cavity are gracious ; but the lips of a sap will get down up himself. / The beginning of the words of his oral cavity is foolishness: and the terminal of his talk is arch lunacy. † This merely proves yet once more that listening to the sap and doing foolish determinations will take to evil and no wagess. This is every bit opposed to utilizing the wisdom of a wise adult male and holding grace with our words and actions. Using wisdom will acquire be rewarded here on Earth and with God. The difference between the individual who is persevering and lazy is an of import subjec t when discoursing the type of work ethic that should be had. Proverbs 10:26 ( KJV ) besides shows how the lazy individual is viewed by those who employ them. saying â€Å"As acetum to the dentition. and as fume to the eyes. so is the sluggard to them that send him. † The lazy individual is viewed as a job to their employers while the persevering individual will assist those who employ them. as stated in Proverbs 10:4b ( KJV ) . â€Å"the manus of the diligent maketh rich. † The diligent individual will convey wealth upon themselves every bit good as those who are wise plenty to use them. This can demo people reading these poetries that the harder you work and the more diligent you are in your work. the more you will be rewarded. Teachings about diligences. indolence. wisdom. and folly can be found all throughout the Bible. The books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes provide some of the best commentary on all four of these topics. Because of this commentary they provide. these two books are some of the most of import instruction books in the Old Testament. They teach how of import diligence and wisdom are. They besides teach how much we need to avoid indolence and folly because they will non supply the wagess to us that diligence and wisdom will. BibliographyHindson. Edward E. . and Yates. Gary E. The Essence of the Old Testament: A Survey. Nashville. Tenn. : B A ; H Academic. 2012.

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

10 Things Successful People Do on Sunday Nights

10 Things Successful People Do on Sunday Nights Most people find that they dread Sunday evenings. The almost-time-to-go-back-to-work blues set in and the whole world seems to get a little bit more bleak. Even if you love your job, you’re probably not too jazzed about your weekend being over. But the secret to truly successful people, of course, is that they never stop working. And the hours between the weekend and the new workweek are almost always wasted. What if you could put them to better use?Here are a few strategies to get a leg up on the week ahead and set yourself up to be a huge success- or just make sure you use the leisure time available to you to maximize your enjoyment of your free time- which will refresh you best for whatever Monday brings.1. Have FunSuccessful people understand their weekday time constraints, and so they make sure to pack their weekend full of things that will relax and rejuvenate them. See family and friends. Do your favorite activities. And save something really fun for last. That way youà ¢â‚¬â„¢ll be extra focused on the fun part of Sunday night, rather than the less fun part of Monday morning. End on a high note!2. Work OutNever underestimate the power of endorphins. Do a bit of yoga, or a gym class, or a tennis game. You’ll find it centers you for the week ahead.3. Get OrganizedSit down with your calendar and start to plan things for the coming week. Set yourself goals and task lists. Just make sure not to stress yourself out.4. Eat HealthyAvoid the temptation to pig out on nacho pizzas. Try making a healthy evening meal instead. You’ll feel lighter and brighter when your alarm goes off on Monday morning.5. Catch UpSunday night can be a great time to catch up on all the emails, phone calls, and texts you’ve had to dodge during your busy workweek.6. UnplugPut down your phone. Shut your laptop. Don’t check your emails or your texts. Read a book instead, or watch a movie. Reflect on the week behind you and the week ahead. Disconnect for a minute before you have to plunge back into the world.7. VolunteerSundays are a great time to give back. Do something meaningful with your last free day. Put a little time and energy into helping others and your good vibes will carry you through.8. Tidy UpIf your week is super busy, chances are that is reflected in the state of your bag and wallet- crammed with bits of detritus and crumpled receipts. Clean out and reorganize. Make it look good for Monday morning and you’ll feel an extra boost. While you’re at it, try the same trick on your fridge. Toss out expired food and wipe your shelves.9. PlanPlan your outfits for the week. Your grocery list. Your breakfast! That leaves your morning free for clear thinking and concentrating on your day.10. SleepQuality sleep (and a good quantity of sleep) is crucial. You probably aren’t always able to get as much as you’d like. Make sure to make up for that on Sunday evenings.

Monday, February 17, 2020

Women in Chinese society Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words - 1

Women in Chinese society - Essay Example The influence of Chinese women of the Later Empire depended on their knowledge of collective ethos and their ability to appeal to the power of the communities. The changes made by women often could have affected their individual lives or those of their close relatives only indirectly, through the mediation of the institutes of the society. The most significant example is widows who ended their lives for the societal ideals, so that the relatives of such women could have been rewarded3. Even without equality with men, Chinese women occupied a significant place in the ethical system of the country. They could have had influence when they accepted the existing laws. However, sometimes they dared to oppose laws or use them cunningly against more powerful members of the society. Thus, the firstsection of this paper deals with the consequences of acceptance of women’s place in the Chinese social system; the second section is dedicated to the means to empowerment in rare cases of women’s resistance to dominant ethical norms. The title comes from the story of Widow Wu from the section â€Å"Women and the Problems They Create†4 about a woman rewarded for her chastity, hard work, and humble behavior. It is remarkable that this was the supreme spiritual authority that rewarded widow Wu, not the society. The widow was just supported, not given extra money for pleasure; her private life also did not change at all. Still, she had more significant achievement: namely, she reached the ethical ideal which was relevant for the representatives of all genders and social classes. In Chinese society, neither women nor men were treated as independent subjects valuable for their individuality, like it would be in Western countries. It follows from â€Å"Family instructions† that young girls and boys were equally part of territorial and generational unity; they had to be loyal to family and performed irreplaceable